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Tamansari


Tamansari
, meaning perfumed garden, is the name for the gardens and associated structures built in 1765 for Hamengku Buwono I, the sultan of the kingdom of Yogyakarta. The grounds spread over 12,600 acres and included a series of water gardens, pools, and artificial lakes, as well as a collection of 59 buildings. Among the most notable features of the landscape were a mosque, a fort, a meditation space, and a series of underground tunnels connecting the structures. Man-made islands surrounded by water were another highlight of the gardens. The project’s chief architect, Tumenggung Mangundipura, had reputedly studied western architectural styles in Dutch-occupied Batavia, now Jakarta, and infused his work with both eastern and western concepts. The garden complex was ultimately abandoned by the royal family, and has since been settled by local residents, who now occupy the grounds.