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Ratu Boko

Ratu Boko

Ratu Boko is located around 6 km to the south of Prambanan temple or about 19 km to the east of Yogyakarta. This site is located 196 m above the sea level, on the highest point in the site, there is a small pavilion from which one will be able to see a panoramic view of Prambanan temple with Mount Merapi as the background. The site covers 16 hectares in two hamlets (Dawung and Sambireja) of the village of Bokoharjo and Prambanan, Sleman Regency.. The Ratu Boko site is in fact not a temple, but ruins of a palace. Therefore, this temple is also called Ratu Boko palace. Legend has it that site used to be the palace of King Baka, the father of Lara Jonggrang. The word 'kraton' derives from Ka-ra-tu-an that means king palace. It is estimated that the Ratu Baka palace was built in the 8th century by Buddhist Syailendra dynasty, and then occupied by the kings from Mataram which was a Hinduism. The occupation causes of the structure of Baka palace influenced by both of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Ratu Boko palace was discovered in the 17th century by Dutch archaeologist HJ De Graaf. The ancient temple was rediscovered in the year 1790 by Van Boeckholtz. The publication of the discovery had attracted scientists such as Makenzie, Junghun, and Brumun to collect data on the site in year 1814. Early in the 20th century Ratu Baka site was investigated by FDK Bosch, who reported the results in an article entitled Keraton Van Ratoe Boko. During the research Mackenzie found a statue of god-headed man and woman hugging each other. A stone pillar with ornaments of zoomorphic figures such as elephant, horse, and so on is also found among the ruins.