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Pawon Temple



Pawon Temple is located in Borobudur Village, Borobudur Sub-district, Magelang District, Central Java Province. The temple, which is also called Brajanalan Temple, is 2 kilometers to the north east of Borobudur Temple, and a kilometer to the south east of Mendut Temple. That Mendut, Pawon and Borobudur Temples are aligned leads to a speculation that the three Buddhist temples are closely related to each other. Moreover, the three temples show similar sculpture designs on temple bodies. Poerbatjaraka, an expert, even argued that Pawon Temple was an upa angga (an integral part of) Barabudhur Temple.

Casparis claimed that Pawon Temple was a shrine to keep the ashes of King Indra (782 - 812 AD), father of King Samarrattungga of Syailendra Dynasti. Some people believe that the name "Pawon" derived from the word pawuan, which means a place to keep awu (ashes). Experts believe that there was a statue of Bodhisattva inside the temple chamber. The statue was a token to honor King Indra who was believed to have reached a Bodhisattva level. The inscription on Karang tengah stone statue states that Bodhisattva statue radiates wajra (rays). The statement leads to speculation that Bodhisattva statue was made of bronze.

Pawon Temple sits on a rectangular platform that rises 1.5 meters from the ground. The edge of base surface, however, is curving that makes the surface a 20-cornered platform. The platform sides are decorated with sculptures depicting flowers and clinging vines. Unlike other Buddhist temples, the body of Pawon Temple is slim, similar to that of Hindu temples.